Psychology is the science of the mind and:

(a) Behaviour     (Answer)

(b) Control

(c) Nervous system

(d) None of these

The word “psychology” comes from the

(a) Greek     (Answer)

(b) Latin

(c) Arabic

(d) German

The word “psychology” comes from the Greek word:

(a) psyche and logia     (Answer)

(b) psychy and logia

(c) psycho and logia

(d) None of these

Greek word psyche meaning:

(a) “breath, spirit, sole”

(b) “breath, Love, soul”

(c) “breath, spirit, soul”     (Answer)

(d) None of these

Greek word logia meaning the:

(a) study of something     (Answer)

(b) Life

(c) Beauty of something

(d) None of these

The school of psychology that focused on identifying and examining the fundamental components of conscious experience, such as sensations, feelings, and images was:

(a) behaviorism

(b) structuralism     (Answer)

(c) humanism

(d) psychoanalysis

Psychology is a

(a) Study of the mind

(b) Study of personality and mental illness

(c) Scientific study of behavior and mental processes     (Answer)

(d) None of these

The school of psychology that focused on identifying and examining the fundamental components of conscious experience, such as sensations, feelings, and images was:

(a) behaviorism

(b) structuralism     (Answer)

(c) humanism

(d) psychoanalysis

Which of the following approaches might suggest that forgetting to pick his mother up at the airport was Henry’s unconscious way of saying that he did not welcome her visit?

(a) psychoanalytic     (Answer)

(b) behavioral

(c) humanistic

(d) cognitive

Fred, a tennis coach, insists that he can make any reasonably healthy individual into an internationally competitive tennis player. Fred is echoing the thoughts of:

(a) Sigmund Freud

(b) John B. Watson     (Answer)

(c) Abraham Maslow

(d) William James

Which of the following is a statement with which Skinner’s followers would agree?

(a) Most behavior is controlled by unconscious forces

(b) The goal of behavior is self- actualization

(c) Nature is more influential than nurture

(d) Free will is an illusion.     (Answer)

Which of the following approaches has the most optimistic view of human nature?

(a) humanism     (Answer)

(b) behaviorism

(c) psychoanalysis

(d) structuralism

Which of the following historical events created a demand for clinicians that was far greater than the supply and stimulated the development of clinical psychology?

(a) World War

(b) the Depression

(c) World War II     (Answer)

(d) the Korean War

The tendency to view one’s own group as superior to others and as the standard for judging the worth of foreign ways is known as

(a) behaviorism.     (Answer)

(b) ethnocentrism

(c) humanism

(d) functionalism

The study of the endocrine system and genetic mechanisms would most likely be undertaken by a:

(a) clinical psychologist

(b) physiological psychologist     (Answer)

(c) social psychologist.

(d) educational psychologist

The fact that psychologists do not all agree about the nature and development of personality demonstrates:

(a) that there are many ways of looking at the same phenomenon.     (Answer)

(b) the fundamental inability of psychologists to work together in developing a single theory.

(c) the failure of psychologists to communicate with one another

(d) the possibility that personality may simply be incomprehensible.

A multifactorial causation approach to behavior suggests that:

(a) most behaviors can be explained best by single-cause explanations.

(b) most behavior is governed by a complex network of interrelated factors.     (Answer)

(c) data must be subjected to rigorous statistical analysis in order to make sense.

(d) explanations of behavior tend to build up from the simple to the complex in a hierarchical manner

Psychology’s answer to the question of whether we are born or made tends to be:

(a) we are born.

(b) we are made

(c) we are both born and made     (Answer)

(d) neither

In regard to changing answers on multiple-choice tests, research indicates that changes tend to be more common than other types of changes

(a) wrong to right     (Answer)

(b) right to wrong

(C) wrong to wrong

(d) None of these

Critical thinking skills:

(a) are abstract abilities that cannot be identified

(b) usually develop spontaneously through normal content instruction

(C) usually develop spontaneously without any instruction

(d) need to be deliberately taught because they often do not develop by themselves with standard content instruction     (Answer)

Th best definition of psychology is the

(a) Study of the mind

(b) Study of personality and mental illness

(c) Scientific study of behavior andmental processes     (Answer)

(d) None of these

Which of the following would be one of the key concepts of behaviorism?

(a) Individualism

(b) Unconscious

(c) Environment     (Answer)

(d) Self-actualization

One difference between sociologists and psychologists is that psychologistsbstudy

(a) Behavior in individuals     (Answer)

(b) Biological processes more than psychological processes

(c) Religion, philosophy and epistemology

(d) Animal behavior rather than group behavior

Maham told her therapist the reason she wants a divorce from her husband is that he has been unfaithful to her Which goal of psychology does her reasoning represent?

(a) Control

(b) Describe

(c) Predict

(d) Explain     (Answer)

All of the following are goals of psychology EXCEPT:

(a) Evaluate     (Answer)

(b) Describe

(c) Control

(d) Predict

John believes that the more students drink the more they are apt to be involved in dangerous sexual activitybWhich goal of psychology is at work?

(a) Explain

(b) Control

(C) Predict     (Answer)

(d) Describe

Which goal of psychology is the most powerful?

(a) Describe

(b) Explain

(C) Control     (Answer)

(d) Predict

Who is considered the “father of psychology”?

(a) Ebbinghaus

(b) Freud

(c) Wundt     (Answer)

(d) Pavlov

When Edward Titchener founded a psychology laboratory at Cornell University, he used the approach called

(a) Behaviorism     (Answer)

(b) Structuralism

(c) Functionalism

(d) Psychoanalysis

Which early school of psychology relied on introspection as a systematic way of gathering information?

(a) Gestalt

(b) Psychoanalysis

(c) Functionalism     (Answer)

(d) Structuralism

“Rather than rote learning, we believe in learning by doing.” This statement is reflective of which school of psychology?

(a) Structuralism

(b) Functionalism     (Answer)

(c) Behaviorism

(d) Gestalt

Which of the following early schools of psychology included emotions, self, will,values, and even religious and mysticalexperience?

(a) Functionalism     (Answer)

(b) Psychoanalysis

(c) Gestalt

(d) Structuralism

Freud was a

(a) Behaviorist

(b) Structuralist

(c) Psychologist     (Answer)

(d) Physician

Which early school of psychology emphasizes
the observableconsequences that follow a response?

(a) Functionalism

(b) Gestalt

(c) Structuralism

(d) Behaviorism     (Answer)

The term self-actualization comes fromwhich psychological perspective?

(a) Evolutionary

(b) Cognitive

(c) Biological

(d) Humanistic     (Answer)

Of the following, who is associated with the Gestalt school of psychology?

(a) Ivan Pavlov

(b) B. F. Skinner

(c) Max Wertheimer     (Answer)

(d) John Watson

Of the following, who is a humanistic psychologist?

(a) Sigmund Freud

(b) Abraham Maslow     (Answer)

(C) B. F. Skinner

(d) John Watson

According to John Watson introspection was

(a) a valid method of research.

(b) unscientific     (Answer)

(c) the cornerstone of behaviorism

(d) the study of the mind in use.

One of the reasons to study psychology IS

(a) to understand the human mind and how it works     (Answer)

(b) to learn how to manipulate others

(c) to completely understand and predict human behavior

(d) to have the answers to all of life’s questions

Which of the following psychological theories is known as the one that emphasizes “free will”?

(a) psychodynamic psychology

(b) behaviorism

(c) humanistic psychology     (Answer)

(d) neo-Freudian psychology

Which of the following is the best example of covert behavior?

(a) blinking in response to a light

(b) imitating a friend’s gesture

(c) remembering a pleasant experience (Answer)

(d) rapid eye movements while sleeping

“The whole is greater than the sum of its parts” is represented by which of the following?

(a) the Gestalt psychologists     (Answer)

(b) the behaviorists

(c) the structuralists

(d) the functionalists.

The goals of psychology are to:

(a) develop effective methods of psychotherapy

(b) describe, predict, understand, and control behavior     (Answer)

(c) explain the functioning of the human mind

(d) compare, analyze, and control human behavior

Freud believed that all thoughts and actions are determined by:

(a) the first year of life

(b) forces in the personality that are often unconscious     (Answer)

(c) needs for love and self-esteem

(d) the drive for self-actualization.

The study of mental processes such as thinking perception, information processing, etc. is a key element in psychology

(a) humanistic

(b) cognitive     (Answer)

(C) behavioral

(d) biological

Overt behavior is:

(a) anything a person does.

(b) only those things a person does which you can see.     (Answer)

(c) only those things which can be recorded by a camera

(d) only those things which a person can see with his/her senses.

Which area in psychology would be most likely to study the phenomenon of “peer influence”?

(a) social     (Answer)

(b) comparative

(c) physiological

(d) school

Psychology is

(a) the study of human origins, evolution, and cultures

(b) the scientific study of behavior and mental processes of any living creature.     (Answer)

(c) a natural science integrating physiology anneurology

(d) the deductive study of forms and functions of human groups

of the following who was a structuralist?

(a) B. F. Skinner

(b) John Watson

(c) Wilhelm Wundt     (Answer)

(d) William James

Behaviorism helped make psychology a

(a) fad

(b) science     (Answer)

(c) specialty (d) hoax.

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